Interactive map made from data^

*Our survey indicated that some culverts were not draining properly (for road systems), and that most were not able to support the flow of micro-ecosystems. The result was not necessarily a repair of any specific culverts, but rather the creation of a digital infrastructure for checking culvert status: now

What if boundaries were determined by water basins?

Under our roads there is not only electrical cables, fibers, plumbing, and “human activated” infrastructure. There is also infrastructure for watersheds : Culverts – design for aquatic organism passageways (wildlife crossing vs. efficiency)


The use of robotic surveying and cleaning.

SIGNAGE? Flood dangers

*Debris, narratives, material and processes that Western ideas of progress and development have discarded and left behind. What if it was not all about progress, novelty, invention and technological development?

What if we instead direct our attention towards processes of decay, erosion, breakdown and mouldering? What kind of practices and making does that invite for? What stories would we then be able to tell?

Tied US Supreme Court decision means Washington must remove barriers to salmon migration” –

*The gist is that all state transportation agency’s main concerns are for the maintenance of culverts as drainage systems, not animal migration systems. Washington vs. US is a huge deal, not only honoring decades old treaties and land rights, but to attempt to restore king salmon migrations.

Examples of modifying barriers to wildlife crossings:


A few goals, areas of interests, and questions for this project:

  • Information about the WikiMedia commons.
  • To tell the story of my own experience surveying and visiting hundreds of these culverts, and my descriptions of interacting with farmers, land owners, town officials, and other scientists.
  • __________________________________
  • Think about the design strategy history of these under-road passageways, how it has changed and is changing still.
  • Mechanics of marketing strategies and the linkage between science, environment, and art.
  • Focus on the language used in archaeology, ecology, anthropology, and art.
  • Concepts of bioregionalism, adaptive management, salvage accumulation (Tsing), and restoration.

Image dissemination-


Wiki: Obstacle

*Reverse image search to see thousands of articles/pages with the image used in various context.
The usage of the image “obstacle” in the article about religious life indicates that the landslide image has reached the level of becoming more of a concept, rather than a specific example of something environmental. This space of usage is what this study begins to focus on…

*Author of Obstacle photo

Wiki: River

*One of thousands “Reverse Image Search Results”
*Author of River photo

Culvert History/Design

Now, culverts are too small/narrow and can’t support the increasing flood levels due to climate change. The present situation, and the historical record of design strategy of culverts is an indicator reaching far beyond these steel tubes and concrete boxes.

NYC Aqueduct Restoration Project

The largest and most important restoration project in human history* *Still in progress

8/9/19: The rules and regulations around these zones/reservoirs today are extremely strict. The land seizures not only changed the lives of the people during that time in the early 20th century, but continue to have ripples today. Talking to land owners in the Catskill area today, the maintenance of “their own” streams and tributaries that were taught to them from earlier generations have changed.


Bill Werick of IJC discussing Adaptive Management in 2018


**In May 2019, Leo Burnett Tailor Made, a marketing agency for The North Face Brazil, revealed that they had surreptitiously replaced photos of popular outdoor destinations on Wikipedia with photos featuring North Face products in an attempt to get these products to appear more prominently in search engine results. Following widespread media coverage and criticism from the Wikimedia Foundation, The North Face apologized for the campaign, ended it, and the product placement was undone.[9]

COI Editing on Wikipedia


Commodity- like what Anna Tsing refers to Matsutake mushrooms, when commodity become smooth-objects, is that what is happening with these images online? Starting from a happening/experience, and uploaded online as a performative act. Are images that citizens taking becoming commodities, once a capitalist figures out a “guerilla” marketing strategy to “translate” them to the market?

List of locked wikipedia pages:

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